Verviers: Marabout, 1978. Paperback. 430p., second edition in French.
The idea of negritude that developed among a group of black African and Carribean poets living in Paris in the 1930s drew its inspiration from the Harlem Renaissance and African forms as well as Marxism and surrealism. The author traces the movement over three decades, from its roots to the final chapters of European colonialism.