New York: National Urban League, 1940. 16p., very good staplebound pamphlet, photo of worker on front cover.
Issued after the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, as war in Europe and Asia spurred efforts for defense preparedness in the US. "This effort will be the biggest thing in America for the next few months, and perhaps for several years. It is of extremely vital importance to every Negro citizen. America's 13 million colored persons must either get themselves fully integrated into the vast defense program or find themselves left on the side lines." ... "America's colored citizens must lay before those who are in command of the program those hindrances and frustrations of Negro life which must be corrected in order that national unity may be attained. We must fight for the advancement of democracy in the United States - a battle which is even more important to us than the fight for democracy abroad." Lists several areas in which discrimination could set back defense efforts.